Why Footbinding Persisted in China for a Millennium

Earlier forms of Confucianism had stressed filial piety, duty and learning. The form that developed during the Song era, Neo-Confucianism, was the closest China had to a state religion.

Women in Confucian thought

Many traditional commentators and modern scholars have debated over the precise meaning of the passage, and whether Confucius referred to all women or just certain groups of women.

Women in Qing Dynasty

The Qing government praised demonstrations of virtue and, to prove their commitment to morality, discouraged officials and scholars from visiting courtesans.

How did ancient Chinese people find their lovers?

And a certain number of men and women preferred a silent single life in monasteries as monks, nuns or Taoist priests. Princess Jinxian and her little sister Princess Yuzhen from the Tang Dynasty chose to be Taoist priests.

Women in Ancient China

Women in ancient China did not enjoy the status, either social or political, afforded to men. Women were subordinate to first their fathers, then their husbands,...

The Remarkable Story of China’s ‘Bible Women’

It is impossible to predict how the Protestant church in China will develop in the future, especially in terms of female leadership.

Status of Women in Tang Dynasty

The Tang dynasty has been described as a golden age for women, in contrast to the Neo-Confucianism of the later Song dynasty that saw practices like foot-binding, widow suicide, and widow chastity become socially normative. This...

Leizu: a legendary empress and wife of the Yellow Emperor

Because of her finding of silk and starting the coveted silk industry, Empress Leizu was called the Goddess of Silk. Ever since, women were the only in charge of producing magnificent silk cloths.

Women in Traditional China

In China from very early times, men have been seen as the core of the family. The ancestors to whom a Shang or Zhou...

Concubinage in Ancient China

Concubinage is an interpersonal and sexual relationship in which the couple are not or cannot be married. The inability to marry may be due to multiple factors such as...

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