Why Footbinding Persisted in China for a Millennium

Earlier forms of Confucianism had stressed filial piety, duty and learning. The form that developed during the Song era, Neo-Confucianism, was the closest China had to a state religion.

Fu Shanxiang – Chancellor under the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom

Fu Shanxiang ( 傅善祥; 1833 – 1864) was a Chinese scholar from Nanjing who became Chancellor under the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom, which was nearly successful in its attempts to overthrow the Qing dynasty in...

Women in Qing Dynasty

The Qing government praised demonstrations of virtue and, to prove their commitment to morality, discouraged officials and scholars from visiting courtesans.

Guan Daosheng – most famous female painter and calligrapher in the...

Guan Daosheng also known as Guan Zhongji or Lady Zhongji (her courtesy name) (Chinese: 管道昇; Wade–Giles: Kuan Tao-sheng; 字仲姬;1262–1319) was a Chinese poet and painter who was active during the early Yuan Dynasty. She is credited with being "the most famous female painter and calligrapher in the Chinese history...remembered not only as a talented woman, but also as a prominent figure in the history of bamboo painting."[1] She is also a well-known poet in the Yuan dynasty.

Gu Taiqing – poet of Qing Dynasty

Gu Taiqing (顾太清1799 – c. 1877) was one of the top-ranked women poets of the Qing Dynasty. She is especially known for her ci poetry and for...

The Remarkable Story of China’s ‘Bible Women’

It is impossible to predict how the Protestant church in China will develop in the future, especially in terms of female leadership.

Biographies of Exemplary Women in Chinese history

As time went on, the idea that widows should not remarry became steadily stronger and became more thoroughly incorporated into law and social practice.

Concubinage of Imperial China

In Imperial China, successful men often had concubines, or sexual partners beyond marriage, who were expected to bear children for the family. Polygamy was legal and...

Concubinage in Ancient China

Concubinage is an interpersonal and sexual relationship in which the couple are not or cannot be married. The inability to marry may be due to multiple factors such as...

Role of Women in Zhou Dynasty

By the Zhou dynasty, Chinese society was decidedly patriarchal, with female and male social roles determined by a strict, feudal hierarchy. The foundation for enforced division of women and...

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