A Chinese virologist who claims the coronavirus was cooked up in a military lab has accused Beijing of fabricating the virus genome data to cover up its ‘unrestricted bioweapon’.
Although scientists are still unravelling the origin of the pandemic, it is widely suggested that the virus had jumped onto humans from wild animals, such as bats or pangolins.
On January 11, China publicly released the genetic sequence of COVID-19 and shared it with the World Health Organization (WHO).
Li-Meng Yan, an alleged former researcher at the Hong Kong School of Public Health, said Thursday in a new report that the coronavirus was a ‘laboratory product’ created by the Communist government with a template virus.
Yan also claimed the ‘weaponised pathogen’ was intentionally unleashed by the Chinese authorities rather than accidentally.
A bat coronavirus, known as RaTG13, is commonly believed by researchers as the proximal source of SARS‐CoV‐2.
It came after the Chinese ‘batwoman’, Dr. Zheng-Li Shi of the Wuhan Institute of Virology, published an article on Nature in February.
Dr Shi suggested that the coronavirus had originated in bats carrying RaTG13, which was shown to be over 96 per cent identical to the COVID-19 virus.
A genomic sequence of the bat coronavirus has also been published on GenBank, a database owned by he International Nucleotide Sequence Database Collaboration.
But Yan disputed the generally-accepted theory, adding that the genome data of RaTG13 could have been faked.
She wrote in her new report: ‘However, no live virus or an intact genome of RaTG13 have ever been isolated or recovered. Therefore, the only proof for the ‘existence’ of RaTG13 in nature is its genomic sequence published on GenBank.’
The virologist also said in the paper that the virus ‘was created by using a template virus (ZC45/ZXC21) owned by military research laboratories under the control of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) government’.
The report read: ‘We used biological evidence and in-depth analyses to show that SARS-CoV-2 must be a laboratory product, which was created by using a template virus(ZC45/ZXC21) owned by military research laboratories under the control of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) government.
‘In addition, resources and expertise are all in place in the Wuhan Institute of Virology (WIV) and related, other CCP-controlled institutions allowing the creation of SARS-CoV-2 in approximately six month.’
Yan also stated that the coronavirus was an ‘unrestricted bioweapon’ intentionally unleashed by the Communist Party.
She wrote: ‘In addition, records indicate that the unleashing of this weaponised pathogen should have been intentional rather than accidental.
‘We therefore define SARS-CoV-2 as an Unrestricted Bioweapon and the current pandemic a result of Unrestricted Biowarfare.’
The report is the second paper Yan has published on Zenodo, which is operated by the European Organisation for Nuclear Research.
The new paper has been marked as a ‘working paper’ on the site, meaning that it has not been submitted to a peer-reviewed conference or academic journal.
Yan, who fled to the US in April, has previously made bombshell claims that COVID-19 was ‘man-made’ and ‘not from nature’.
Her Twitter account was taken down in mid-September after she accused China of intentionally manufacturing and releasing COVID-19.
In an interview with Fox News’ Tucker Carlson, Yan claimed she was suspended because ‘they don’t want the people to know this truth’.
‘I have evidence to show why they can do it, what they have done, how (they did it),’ she told Fox News.
‘The scientific world also keeps silent… works together with the Chinese Communist Party, they don’t want people to know his truth. That’s why I get suspended, I get suppressed, I am the target that Chinese Communist Party wants disappeared.’
A video of the interview segment posted on the Tucker Carlson Tonight show’s page now comes with a warning that reads: ‘False Information. This post repeats information about COVID-19 that independent fact-checkers say is false.’
Yan published her first report last month which she claims backs up her theory that the contagion was built by merging the genetic material of two bat coronaviruses.
She said its spike protein – a structure on the surface of the virus which it uses to bind with cells – was edited to make it easier for the virus to latch on to human cells.
But scientists have slammed her report as ‘unsubstantiated’ and said it ‘cannot be given any credibility’.
Research papers have already determined the origin of the virus as bats, leading to top experts dismissing suggestions the virus was created by humans as having ‘zero evidence’.
SARS-CoV-2 — the scientific name of the pathogen — is the seventh coronavirus known to infect humans and jumped to people after an earlier version of it mutated. The previous virus is thought to be one that infected bats and then reached humans via another animal.
Ms Yan’s report has not been published in a scientific journal and has not been peer-reviewed, meaning it has not been checked and approved by scientists.
But it has gained widespread public attention, being viewed more than 150,000 times since it was posted yesterday on the website Zenodo, which is operated by the European Organisation for Nuclear Research.
Ms Yan writes that her research discounts the theory that coronavirus evolved in the wild and was then transferred to humans, claiming it ‘lacks substantial support’.
‘SARS-CoV-2 shows biological characteristics that are inconsistent with a naturally occurring virus,’ she wrote.
‘The evidence shows that [the virus] should be a laboratory product created by using bat coronaviruses ZC45 and/or ZXC21 as a template and/or backbone.’
She alleges the virus ‘should’ have been built using stores of these bat viruses, of which she claims samples are kept in Hong Kong and China.
Ms Yan also alleges that her work shows the virus could be built in just six months in the report’s abstract, but she does not return to the subject later in the paper.
Dr Andrew Preston, an expert in microbial pathogenesis at the University of Bath, blasted her report as being ‘reminiscent of a conspiracy theory’.
‘The author’s affiliation is the Rule of Law Society and Rule of Law Foundation, New York,’ he said.
‘On their website the vision of this organisation is ‘to permit the people of China to live under a national system based on the rule of law, independent of the political system of the People’s Republic of China’ and its mission is ‘to expose corruption, obstruction, illegality, brutality, false imprisonment, excessive sentencing, harassment, and inhumanity pervasive in the political, legal, business and financial systems of China’.
‘Given the unsubstantiated claims in the publication, which has not been peer reviewed, the report cannot be viewed with any credibility as it stands.’
Dr Michael Head, a global health expert at the University of Southampton, said the conspiracy theory peddled by the report has been ‘doing the rounds throughout the pandemic’.
‘Ultimately, it could be damaging to public health if reported non-critically without looking at the wider evidence,’ he said.
‘If people are exposed to and then believe conspiracy theories, this will likely have a negative impact on efforts to keep Covid-19 cases low and thus there will be more deaths and illness than there needs to be.
‘The genomics of the virus have been disentangled previously, for example a Nature peer-reviewed paper where they state ‘Our analyses clearly show that SARS-CoV-2 is not a laboratory constructed or a purposefully manipulated virus’.
‘Other evidence also shows that this type of coronavirus has existed in bats for decades.
‘This new manuscript is not peer reviewed and does not obviously offer any data that overrides previous research.’
Her allegations have not been backed up by any scientific papers or scientists, with reports suggesting the virus was created previously condemned as conspiracy theories.
Writing in the respected journal Nature Medicine in March, scientists from the Scripps Research Institute, University of Edinburgh, and other universities, said that SARS-CoV-2 is the seventh coronavirus known to infect humans.
‘It is improbable that SARS-CoV-2 emerged through laboratory manipulation of a related SARS-CoV-like coronavirus,’ they said.
‘The genetic data irrefutably shows that SARS-CoV-2 is not derived from any previously used virus backbone.’
Dr Kristian Andersen, from the Scripps Research Institute in La Jolla, California, said the genetic material clearly pointed to a natural origin of the virus.
‘There are lots of data and lots of evidence, as well as previous examples of this coming from nature,’ he said. ‘We have exactly zero evidence or data of this having any connection to a lab.’
Dr Angela Rasmussen, an infection and immunity expert at Columbia University, New York, said the site at which the virus binds to human cells has a ‘sub-optimal’ fit, suggesting it was not designed.
‘Furthermore, there are no genetic similarities with other virus backbones used in any of the known (virus engineering systems),’ she said. ‘This suggest that this virus was not engineered.’
Also rubbishing claims the virus was built, Trevor Bedford, of the Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center in Seattle, told the American Association for the Advancement of Science in February: ‘There is no evidence whatsoever of genetic engineering that we can find.
‘The evidence we have is that the mutations (in the virus) are completely consistent with natural evolution.’
At the time more than 100 genetic sequences of the virus had already been published.
A more widely acceptable theory suggests that the virus came from bats before jumping to humans via a second intermediate source.
Ms Yan wrote in her paper that theories the virus is from nature and the meat market in Wuhan are a ‘smoke screen’, alleging she was told this by CDC scientists working in China.
She has previously accused Beijing of lying about when it learned of the killer infection and engaging in an extensive cover-up.
Ms Yan claims she fled to Hong Kong and escaped to America in April to ‘raise awareness’ of the pandemic.
She claims she was working at the Hong Kong School of Public Health, a reference laboratory for the World Health Organisation, but she was cut off after trying to alert people to human-to-human transmission of the virus in December.
She also claims that before leaving China her information was wiped from the Government database.
The lab has denied that Ms Yan ever ‘conducted any research on human-to-human transmission’ and said her assertions have ‘no scientific basis’.
In April incumbent US president Donald Trump claimed he had seen evidence that the coronavirus was built in a laboratory in Wuhan as he suggested the Government may impose sanctions on China in response.
‘Yes I have. Yes I have,’ Trump said when asked if he had seen proof the virus originated in the Wuhan Institute of Technology.
However, the president would not divulge what the evidence was that confirmed his suspicions, when asked by a reporter.
‘I can’t tell you that. I am not allowed to tell you that,’ he responded.
The lab in question is located near the wet market in Wuhan, which is thought to have been the centre of the outbreak.
Source: Daily Mail