前 言

Foreword

国际医学专家对全球疾病现状进行研究后指出,在致病因素和疾病防治中,遗传因素占15%,社会因素占10%,医疗因素占8%,气候地理等因素占7%,而个人的行为、生活方式因素占60%。(东方出版社《健康红宝书》2003年)由此可见,多数疾病是由于个人不良的行为和生活方式造成的,改变或者戒除这些不良的行为和生活方式,就可以治疗甚至预防大多数的疾病。世界一切进化;唯独人之寿命与康健,无不退化,且怪病百出。人类欲念增高为因,然而寿命短促为果,得不偿失,已属可笑;再加不明死后不灭之理,造诸恶业,相杀自杀,相习成风,颠倒狂魔,日甚一日。纵观现代社会,国民经济发展,生活水平提高,医疗科技进步,但是威胁人类健康的疾病并没有减少,人类的健康水平并没有大幅提高。相反,诸如SARS等新的病毒出现了,各种“文明病”或“富贵病”增加了;医院盖得越来越漂亮,设备越来越先进,但是人类并没有越来越健康。据美国政府卫生部门统计,五十年代初,大约每五十个人中有一人死于癌症;七十年代末大约每二十个人中有一人死于癌症;2006年,大约每四个人中有一人死于癌症。每个人都是有自然寿命的,但现代社会越来越少人能善终,究其原因,人类绝大多数的健康问题都是人为因素造成的。通常人患病最大根源是极度贫困、营养不良和卫生条件恶劣。尽管如此,生活条件差一般不会导致癌症等致命的疾病。今天的情况,不良生活习惯才是最大的病根,贪欲炽盛、纵情声色成为现代人最大的健康隐患。但是,有几个人真正认识和认真对待自己不良的行为和生活方式呢?

According to research on human diseases by a study group of world famous experts and medical doctors, among the causes and precaution measures of diseases, hereditary reasons account for 15%, social reasons 10%, medical reasons 8%, weather and geographical reasons 7%, while human behaviors and life styles account for 60%. (Source: Health Guide Eastern Publishing House Beijing 2003) From these figures, we can see that most illnesses are caused by unhealthy behaviors and life styles. Thus changing or getting rid of our unhealthy behaviors and life styles can treat most illnesses or even prevent them from occurring. Nearly all living things on earth are going on a progress of evolution; only human life and health are on a process of degradation, with more and more cases of strange diseases. Human desires and wants are the causes, worsening of life and health the effects. This is ridiculous enough; even worse, most people do not know about the reasons of Nirvana. They kill and are killed by others; they do evil things to each other; they have no idea of what is right and what is wrong. Conditions are getting worse day after day. When we have a closer look at this society, we can see that economy is developing, people’s overall living standards are improving, technology in medicines is far better than the past; but we do not see a decrease in the number of diseases that threaten human health. And as a whole, the general health conditions of mankind do not show great improvements. On the contrary, new viruses appear, like SARS, various kinds of so-called Civilized Diseases or Wealthy People Diseases occur in greater number. Our hospitals are becoming more beautiful, our hospitals are equipped with much better instruments, but human does not become healthier. According to US Health Department statistics, in the fifties, about one out of every fifty people died of cancer; in late seventies, about one of every twenty people died of cancer. But in 2006, about one out of four people died of cancer. Every one has his or her natural life span, but in modern society, few people would die of natural death. When we look at the reasons, most people’s health problems come from their own selves. The main reasons for their sickness might be extreme poverty, lack of food and poor living conditions. These reasons are truly main factors to poor health, but poor living conditions do not form the key factors of fatal diseases. At present, the key lies in unhealthy life habits. Burning desires either for material things or sex are hidden causes that threaten human health. But as we look at the world, how many people are aware of their unhealthy behaviors and life styles?

世界卫生组织给健康下的定义是:“健康不仅是没有疾病和赢弱,而是身体、心理和社会完好的总体状态”。智者认识到,失去健康就会失去一切,健康是最大的财富,长寿而无病痛、身心健康才是真正的幸福。自古以来,中国人是很注重疾病的预防的,有病才去治病并不是高明的思想,没病而防病于未然才是积极的态度。人不懂得预防疾病,就是自己把自己身体糟蹋掉了。所以第一等的医生,帮助人长寿;第二等的医生,让人不生病;第三等的医生,为人治病。在如何治病里头,又分三等。第一等的医生一看这个人的形色,听他说话的声音,就知道他是什么病。第二等的医生要问问,望、闻,要跟病人交谈。第三等的才去把脉。学医者,治病救人,与道德修养关系非常密切,医生要心地清净,真诚、清净、慈悲。没有这个道德修养,高深的医理就无法进去,就没有法子领会。可叹的是,现在物欲横流的社会,有几个道德修养高尙的医生呢?

The World Health Organization defines health as something like “not only without illness and weakness, but an overall condition of physical, mental and social health”. A wise man knows that without health, material life is meaningless. Health is the greatest wealth of life; true happiness comes from long life without sickness as well as mental health. In ancient Chinese history, people paid a lot of emphasis on how to prevent sickness from occurrence; the idea of going to see a doctor is not as good as having guards against sickness. Every one shall know about precautions, otherwise, you are doing bad things to your own physical body. The best doctors help people to gain longevity; the second best let other to keep away from sickness; only the third grade doctors treat patients’ illnesses. Among those doctors who treat illnesses, there are another three grades. The first grade doctors just look at the color of your face or listen to your voice, and they know about your illness. The second grade doctors shall ask, look, listen and talk to the patients. The third grade doctors try to listen to your pulses and touch your body. To be a doctor, treating illnesses and saving lives, is a profession of loftiness. A doctor should have good virtues; he should have a clean and calm mind, be honest, caring and have great mercy. Without these good qualities, one can never understand the depth of medical science. But a great pity, in this world of material desires, how many doctors are virtuous with fine qualities?

其实,每个人都是自己最好的医生。每个人能认识自身不良的行为和生活方式,从而修正过来,自己就成了最好的医生。俗话说,病从口入。据世界卫生组织统计,人类80%以上的疾病都与吃有关。大量的资料表明,不合理的饮食可以导致动脉粥样硬化、癌症等非传染性疾病。长期吃含有高脂肪、高热量的食品,就可能导致高血脂症和肥胖,还会增加癌症、心脑血管病、高血压、糖尿病、胆结石等疾病的危险性。大多数的癌症和现代“文明病、富贵病”等,都是肉食太多之过。恢复以素食为主、粗细粮搭配的科学饮食,不仅会预防和减少疾病,而且可以强身健体,延年益寿。说到底,所有的疾病都是心病,保持健康的思想和心理状态,是保持身体健康最重要的条件。

Actually every one is his own best doctor. If every one of us realizes our own unhealthy behaviors and life style, and begins to do the right things, he becomes his own best doctor. An old saying says illness starts from the mouth. According to a report by the World Health Organization, over 80% of human diseases are somewhat associated with eating(same source as above). Statistics show that bad eating and drinking habits causes many of the non-contagious diseases like arterial sclerosis and cancer. Eating too much high fat and high caloric food can cause hyper-lipidemia and obesity, and increase the chances for cancer, cardio-cerebral vascular diseases, high blood pressure, diabetes, gall-stone, etc. Many cases of cancer and modern “civilized illnesses” or “Wealthy people’s illnesses” are caused by eating too much meat. Return to a life habit of more vegetarian foods and mixture of grains can reduce the chances of getting ill, and is a good way of precautions against diseases, and to build stronger physical body and thus to live longer. Talking about the roots, we can say that all illnesses are associated with your mind, and to maintain mental and spiritual health is fundamental to physical health.

四十岁前,末学由于不良的行为和生活方式之过,曾有过严重的肝炎、过敏性鼻炎、化脓性结肠炎、复发的痔疮以及每年季节性的感冒等疾病。末学痛改前非,革除贪嗔痴,拚掉杀盗淫,改变所有不健康的行为和生活方式,坚持素食,经过三年多的时间,往日顽疾一一解除,渐渐恢复了身体的健康。末学从教训和经验中走来,再经过学佛调心,树立正确的保健观念,才有今日心理的健康。前车之鉴,后事之师。这个小册子结合佛理,简单明了地记录了基本的医学常识和健康保健知识,没有高深的医理,只是浅易的行动指南,供养大众,与广大学佛同修共勉!

Before 40 years of age, I lived with unhealthy behaviors and life habits that resulted in serious hepatitis, allergic rhinitis, suppurated ulcerative colitis, repeated hemorrhoids, as well as seasonal colds and fevers. I made up my mind to change my unhealthy behaviors and life habits completely, to get rid of my greed, bad temper and foolishness, to free my mind from the ideas of killing, stealing and sex desires, and become a vegetarian. After about three years, my illnesses that caused me lots of sufferings gradually disappeared, and I recovered to good health. I learned from my past lessons and experience, and took another step forward to confine myself to Buddhist rules and ideology. I also practiced meditation. All these have helped a lot with my health recovery. My experience can be an example for fellow brothers and sisters. And in this booklet, I am trying to tell more about basic medical science and about health issues. There is nothing very difficult here for us to understand; they are just simple reasons and easy methods for everyone to follow, as my sincere offerings to my fellow brothers and sisters.

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