President Trump’s chief adviser, Jared Kushner, has said the US-brokered Israel-UAE peace treaty represents a “massive change” for the Middle East.
Speaking to CBS News, Mr Kushner said the deal, unexpectedly announced on Thursday, would make the region safer.
It marks only the third Israeli-Arab peace treaty in the Middle East, and the first involving a Gulf state.
The international community has welcomed the deal, but Palestinians, Iran and Turkey have denounced it.
Israel and the United Arab Emirates (UAE) are expected the sign the deal in three weeks’ time, normalising relations between the two countries, including opening embassies in each other’s territory.
Israel and Arab states in the Middle East and North Africa have historically been in a state of conflict since Israel’s creation in 1948, but this has receded in recent years after peace treaties with Egypt in 1979 and Jordan in 1994, and what is seen by both sides as a growing threat in the region from Iran.
Mr Kushner told CBS he and President Trump had been working on a deal between Israel and the UAE since Mr Trump came to office.
He said the treaty was a “dramatic breakthrough that will make the Middle East safer… [meaning] less American troops will have to be over there”, without spelling it out in detail.
The agreement was, he said, “a very big victory” for President Trump that would make “the whole region more hopeful”.
The announcement came eight months after the US president unveiled a blueprint for peace between Israel and the Palestinians, negotiated by Mr Kushner. However, while Israel welcomed the initiative the Palestinians rejected it as heavily biased towards Israel and froze ties with the Trump administration.
What does the new treaty mean for the Palestinians?
While the agreement between Israel and the UAE establishes full diplomatic relations between the two countries, significantly it also puts the brakes on one of the most divisive issues in years between Israel and the Palestinians – Israel’s planned annexation of parts of the occupied West Bank.
Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu had vowed to “extend Israeli sovereignty” over some 30% of the West Bank – land claimed by the Palestinians for a future independent state – in line with President Trump’s so-called Vision for Peace.
Palestinians feared such a move would be a death-blow for a state of their own, and while it was widely expected to have happened to some extent by now, it had not received final approval from Washington and so appeared to have stalled.
As part of the treaty with the UAE, Israel agreed to suspend plans to annex territory in the West Bank – occupied by Israel since the 1967 Middle East war – at the request of Donald Trump.
Speaking at a news conference after the treaty was announced, President Trump said that “right now it’s off the table”, but did not rule out anything changing in the future.
Mr Netanyahu said he remained committed to extending Israeli sovereignty, though would not do so for the time being.
How has the region responded to the treaty?
Israel’s prime minister said making peace with the UAE had been a “great privilege” and spoke of his hope for a “wonderful future” for the two countries.
UAE Minister of Foreign Affairs Dr Anwar Gargash described his country’s recognition of Israel as “a very bold step” to stop what he called the “ticking time bomb” of Israel’s annexation of parts of the West Bank.
Elsewhere in the Gulf, Bahrain and Oman welcome the agreement, although there was no official response from Saudi Arabia, a leading regional power and close US ally.
Riyadh’s de facto ruler Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman has previously spoken of shared interests with Israel and has taken a constructive tone towards Israeli-Palestinian peace-making.
The Palestinians however reacted angrily, calling the peace treaty a “betrayal”.
Nabil Abu Rudeinah, a spokesman for Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas, called on the UAE to withdraw from what he called a “disgraceful” agreement, while the Palestinian ambassador to the UAE was recalled.
The foreign ministry of Iran, Israel’s staunch foe, said the deal was “stabbing the Palestinians in the back”, and called the UAE “shameful”.
Turkey, a strong supporter of the Palestinians, said history would never forgive the “hypocritical behaviour” of the UAE, while its president said he was considering suspending diplomatic ties with the country.
President Donald J. Trump Has Secured a Historic Deal Between Israel and the United Arab Emirates to Advance Peace and Prosperity In the Region
SECURING A HISTORIC AGREEMENT: President Donald J. Trump has secured the first agreement to normalize relations between Israel and a major Arab country in decades.
- President Donald J. Trump has brokered an agreement to normalize relations between the United Arab Emirates and Israel – the first such agreement between Israel and a major Arab country since 1994.
- The countries have committed to the exchange of embassies and ambassadors, and to begin cooperation in a broad range of fields including education, healthcare, trade, and security.
- This historic breakthrough is the most significant step toward peace in the Middle East in over 25 years.
- The United Arab Emirates is the first major Arab state to recognize Israel since the Israel-Jordan Peace Treaty was signed on October 26, 1994.
- This historic breakthrough was made possible by President Trump’s leadership and expertise as a dealmaker.
- The President built trust with our regional allies and reoriented their strategic calculus by identifying shared interests and common opportunities, moving them away from perpetuating old conflicts.
- This deal provides a foundation for further advances toward regional peace in the future.
- The United States believes that more Arab and Muslim countries will follow the United Arab Emirates’ lead and normalize relations with Israel.
- This agreement is a major breakthrough for Muslims throughout the world who wish to come in peace to pray at the Al Aqsa Mosque, as they will now be able to fly to Tel Aviv through Abu Dhabi to do so and will be welcomed.
- By encouraging more visits, it will help counter the extremists who use the false narrative that the Al Aqsa Mosque is under attack and that Muslims cannot pray at this holy site.
- Expanded business and financial ties between these two thriving economies will also accelerate growth and economic opportunity across the Middle East.
- This agreement will allow further advancement of the President’s vision for finding a comprehensive, fair, realistic, and lasting peace between Israel and the Palestinians and in the region.
Source: US State Department