The former British colony, governed under a “one country, two systems” arrangement, was promised a high degree of autonomy and the right to select its chief executive when it was handed over to Communist Chinese rule in 1997.
But on Sunday, 20 years later, only 1,200 people on an election committee stacked with Beijing loyalists will vote for the next leader of the Asian financial hub which witnessed weeks of sometimes violent street protests in 2014 calling for universal suffrage.
Former top civil servant Carrie Lam is widely expected to win, thanks to Beijing’s backing. Former finance chief John Tsang, more popular with the densely populated city’s 7.3 million people, is expected to get around a quarter of the vote.
An evening rally for Tsang on Friday drew thousands who thronged the sidewalks of Hong Kong’s central financial district calling for a populist leader to be elected for once.
“My heart hurts. It really pains me,” said one woman named Leung who works for an NGO. “Why can’t we have a leader who can represent us in Hong Kong? …John Tsang’s manifesto is not perfect, but he can unite us,” she said as crowds waved their mobile phones as in a candlelight vigil.
With Lam’s victory on the cards, some middle class residents see the lack of democracy again fuelling political division and fresh protests, leaving them powerless to tackle livelihood issues such as high property prices and rising inequality.
“The middle class are affected by several problems, the rule of law, governance, housing,” said Nick Chung, a 25-year-old working in the IT sector.
“I think it’s no longer a matter of helping the middle class alone. It’s a structural problem.”
CHINA’S “INVISIBLE HAND”
Lam has spoken of unifying Hong Kong as one of her top priorities, but some expect her backing from Beijing to have the opposite effect.
Politicians and insiders say Beijing’s interference in this election has been unprecedented, violating constitutional safeguards of the city’s autonomy.
Mark Pinkstone, a retired civil servant who campaigned for Regina Ip, another former top official eyeing the top job who dropped out of the race, said many election committee members had received phone calls and had face-to-face meetings with Chinese officials who lobbied them to vote a certain way.
“(China’s) Central Liaison Office is running the show,” Pinkstone told Reuters. Other politicians, including pro-China Michael Tien, have complained publicly about Beijing’s “invisible hand”.
Zhang Xiaoming, the head of the Liaison Office in Hong Kong, China’s main representative office in the city, has dismissed accusations of electoral manipulation. The office didn’t respond to a faxed request for comment.
“You see the eventual demise of ‘one country, two systems’, and if the current rate of deterioration continues … it will rapidly become ‘one country, one system,” widely respected former chief secretary Anson Chan told Reuters.
Li Ka-shing, Hong Kong’s richest man, warned this week that the territory’s once humming economy was increasingly being weighed down by political tension.
Li suggested the past five years under staunchly pro-Beijing leader Leung Chun-ying, who took a hard line with the 2014 protests, sending in police to clear the streets after 79 days, had been the most tumultuous since the handover and said there “must not be a repeat” of this for Hong Kong to flourish again.
Annual growth rates for Hong Kong’s $264 billion economy have steadily declined over the past two decades. Last year, fourth quarter growth stood at 3.1 percent year on year, below the median of 5 percent seen over the last 40 years, according to Thomson Reuters data.
While still a low-tax and simple regime for business, the city’s economy remains dominated by developers, lacks cutting edge innovation and is hampered by high costs for commercial and residential property. A regular apartment in Hong Kong now costs around $25,000 per square meter, making the city one of the world’s most expensive alongside New York and London.
The lack of economic opportunity and high costs are helping to fuel a disaffected younger generation clamoring in vain for greater democracy and a more equitable society, driving more talented Hong Kong people abroad in a burgeoning brain drain.
“If I really want a better living standard, of course it needs to be overseas,” said Veronica Chung, a 22-year-old violin teacher.
“When the housing price is so high … it’s impossible to have a high living standard. You get back home from work and you’ll just be facing four walls. You can’t be happy.”
Click tmsnrt.rs/2nLcvnd for graphic on candidates in line for the top job
| HONG KONG
(Additional reporting by Gabriel Yiu, Katy Wong and Saikat Chatterjee; Editing by James Pomfret and Nick Macfie)