星期二, 6月 28, 2022

中华民国大事记

中华民国大事记 - 家乡网 (jiaxiangwang.com) 中华民国大事记(1911年) 10月10日 武昌起义爆发。 10月11日 湖北军政府成立,黎元洪为都督。 10月12日 清廷命陆军大臣荫昌率陆军第二、四镇各一部,星夜驰援湖北,命海军提督萨镇冰率海军及长江水武开赴武汉。由于荫昌无法对袁世凯一手培植的北洋军作有效指挥,清军行动缓慢。 10月13日 英、法、德、俄、日五国领事在汉口举行会议,决定对武昌起义采取中立态度。 10月18日至10月28日 清军在军舰炮火的支援下,向汉口的革命军反攻。至28日,清军和革命军反复争夺汉口城外的刘家庙阵地,战况激烈。革命军被迫退守汉口市区。 10月22日至12月2日 长沙、西安、九江、太原、广州、云南、南昌、上海、贵州、杭州、苏州、广西、镇江、安庆、福州、重庆、南京等地光复。 列强对辛亥革命的干涉: 各国水兵在汉口租界布置的工事。 上海收复后各国驻军在南京路上巡行显示武力。 10月27日 清廷授袁世凯为钦差大臣、湖广总督,全权节制湖北前线水陆各军。 10月28日 黄兴到达武昌,组织司令部,担负汉口防守的重任。 图为任战时总司令时的黄兴。 10月28日 袁世凯亲到湖北孝感督战。 10月30日 清廷以摄政王载沣名义颁《罪已诏》,称“施治寡术,用人无方”,并立誓要开展改革,实行宪政。随后,清廷批准资政院的奏章,解散皇族内阁;命溥伦等人迅速将宪法条文拟齐,交资政院审议,钦定颁布;开放党禁,赦免政治犯,此次事变人员如归附朝廷,既往不咎。 ...

找寻真实的蒋介石:蒋介石日记解读

《找寻真实的蒋介石:蒋介石日记解读①》以蒋介石日记为主要依据,辅以其他国内外重要相关史料,带领读者探寻蒋介石的生平及内心世界。在本书中,杨天石通过大量引述和分析研究蒋介石日记,以扎实的学术功底及的资料,以专题的形式向读者展示了青年时期的蒋介石、参加革命的蒋介石、次国共合作时期的蒋介石、内战时期的蒋介石、抗战时期的蒋介石、家庭生活中的蒋介石等等。

蒋中正日记

蒋日记之重要,是一套有血、有肉、有灵魂之资料。破除坊间对蒋宋家庭生活之传言,与蒋予人肃穆之形象,颇有不同。此日记不衹提供历史发展线索,更重要是揭露人性。研究历史本应以人性为依归,此日记正给人一份珍本作有“人味”之研究。蒋日记开放研究虽不能颠覆过去历史,但提供许多其亲身经历之民国人事,补足近代重大历史资料。

蒋介石传

在20年代,蒋介石曾有一段时间把中国共产党叫做“傀儡”,但在共产党自我证明他们独立于莫斯科之后的很长时间,甚至是在60年代中苏大决裂以后的时间里,他仍然这样称呼他们。

中华民国史

《中华民国史》是2011年中华书局出版的图书,作者是中国社会科学院近代史主持。本书讲述的是从1912年开始的38年的全部历史,包括总结出来的经验教训以及启发。中国社会科学院近代史主持编纂的《中华民国史》(全三十六册)2011年8月30日在北京首发。

中华民国历史

1955年解放军攻占一江山岛以及大陈岛撤退后,中华民国政府的有效统治区域仅限于台湾本岛及附属岛屿、澎湖、金门、马祖及若干南海诸岛(东沙、太平)等地,并延续迄今。

孙中山传

从1840年爆发的鸦片战争开始,封建的中国逐渐沦为半殖民地半封建的中国。帝国主义和封建主义相结合的统治,使得中国备受欺凌压榨。为了争取独立、民主和富强,中国人民进行了前仆后继的英勇斗争,沉重打击了侵略者和统治者,推动了历史进程。然而,无论是农民战争,还是维新运动,抑或孙中山领导的正规民主革命,都未能改变半殖民地半封建社会秩序,完成反帝反封建的历史任务。

孙中山选集

我们要想把中国弄成一个庄严华丽底国家,我们有什么法子可以使他实现呢?我想亦有法子,而且并不为难,只要实行五权宪法就是了。

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